The growth of the agricultural land market generates more and more pressures on land. This communication analyzes the market segments revealing land pressures in the rural area of the municipality of Zè from 1977 to 2018. The method used consisted of digitizing the retrocessions of many archives at the level of the Department of State and Environmental Affairs of the municipality of Zè from 1977 to 2018. The data collected underwent automatic processing and then analyzed (descriptive, univariate, and spatial). The analysis of the land market structured according to criteria, inspired by SAFER (2006) made it possible to assess the share of the market generating land pressures on agricultural areas. The results showed that the agricultural land market during the 1977-2018 period was marked by a growth in the total area sold accompanied by an increase in the number of transactions. As a result, the average sales area decreased, combined with strong inflation in average prices per square meter. The multiplication of the number of sales of small surfaces has resulted in a fragmentation of properties (plot divisions, multiplication of small properties, residential subdivision), which has weakened the rural area of the municipality of Zè. Two large land markets coexisted in the rural area of the municipality of Zè. A land market characterized by agricultural players and the other market characterized by “non-agricultural” players. The weight of “non-agricultural” actors weighed heavily on the land market during the period, with the consequence of the gradual loss of identity and power over the land by the villagers (farmers) and local communities, the gradual withdrawal agricultural players and a stall between the value of the fund and its economic profitability due mainly to the acquisitions of city dwellers, private institutions and neo-rural people. Keywords: Land market, land pressure, rural area, Zè commune, Benin.