Large scale land acquisitions worldwide are a subject matter that evokes controversy. This is especially prominent in Africa where many of these acquisitions has been dubbed land grabs due to its negative impacts on host communities. As such, the burgeoning literature on the phenomenon has attracted scholarly discussions on assessing the impact of these acquisitions on the livelihoods of people in the host communities. Following this literature, this research seeks to examine, how farmers are experiencing and responding to processes of land grabs. In doing so, the study is inspired by DFID’s Sustainable livelihoods framework. In particular, the study seeks to examine the coping mechanisms adopted by individual farmers and communities to mitigate the impact of land grabs regarding livelihood alternatives, ensuring food security, and enhancing economic opportunities. The study will also examine the institutional and regulatory frameworks which either aid or constrain the livelihood outcomes. Methodologically, the research will utilize a mixed method of surveys, focus group discussions and interviews to predict the likely impact and coping mechanisms of smallholders under circumstances where these land acquisitions have been deemed to be largely successful, contested, and failed. The research has implications for the future policy on large-scale land acquisitions, especially in rural agrarian communities.