Summary Preservation of the environment is not only an indicator of healthy and solid socio-economic development. However, it is also an indicator of coherence and harmony with global development policies. Today, the environment is at the forefront of the international political economy. It is recognized as a global public good whose preservation meets both the interests of present and future generations. The latest reports from the Global Economic Forum “The Global Risks Report” have pointed to the environmental risks at the top of international concerns. Tunisia adopted in September 2015 the seventeen objectives of the sustainable development program (SDG) and this as part of the United Nations 2030 Agenda. Several of these SDGs relate to the environmental pillar, including in particular issues such as water, energy, biodiversity, climate change, aquatic life, etc. Our work aims to promote the governance of shared natural resources in southern Tunisia and to propose new avenues for the enhancement and preservation of such Common Goods. In this work, we deliver a theoretical review of the modes of governance of Common Goods. Our main contribution consists in studying the opportunities for locating and developing Common Goods in southern Tunisia in order to encourage citizens to better cherish their common cultural heritage and to engage in inclusive and participatory measures for the protection and preservation of their shared resources.