Vulnerability assessment in South Africa’s small pelagic fishing industry identified crew members and factory workers as the group of employees most vulnerable to impacts of climate change in the sector. The decline in sardine biomass in recent years and the shift in availability from the west coast to the south coast since the late 1990s have led to a reduction in the number of people employed in the sector by as much as 80 % since about 2010. Although canneries have adapted by importing of raw sardines for canning, crewmembers have lost employment. For factory workers, the high import costs of the raw sardine have resulted in reduced remuneration and fewer working days. Seasonal work has almost completely disappeared from the sector. In addition, inshore resources have also declined, both as a result of climatic factors and added fishing pressure from communities that have been waiting for formal rights since 2012 in the small-scale fishing sector and community members that have lost employment in the pelagic sector. The affected crew members, factory workers, and small-scale fishers are engaged in some climate change adaptation activities under a FAO/NORAD project for a number of coastal communities in the Western Cape Province. Two sets of activities have been identified, firstly use of anchovy for human consumption (currently, all South African anchovy is reduced to fishmeal and fish oil, and only about 50% of the about 300,000 tonnes annual Total Allowable Catch is caught) and use of marine products such as kelp and shells to make jewelry, soap, etc. The project is a follow-on from the “Enhancing Climate Change Resilience in The Benguela Current Fisheries System” project. This presentation looks and the context, objectives, aims, and achievements so far for the project.